The Croatian Coast
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  Posted May 28th, 2015 by Zdenko  in Travel | One comment

Traveling Croatia

Source: Skyscraper City portal

Adriatic Sea
The Adriatic Sea is a bay of the Mediterranean Sea, separated by the Apennine Peninsula. The Adriatic Sea got it’s name from an ancient port of the same name. It penetrates farthest into the European continent, giving it a great economic importance.

Old town Dubrovnik

The Croatian coast can be divided into Istria, Croatian Primorje and Kvarner (north of the island of Pag) and Dalmatia, which is south or the island of Pag. The northwestern Adriatic is shallow with a floor of sand and silt and depths generally under 100meters. The southeastern Adriatic is much deeper and makes up more than 90% of total volume. The largest island is Krk, known to its inhabitants as “the seventh continent,” and the largest peninsulas are Istria and Pelješac. The largest bay is the Gulf of Kvarner (many bays, channels and passages). The largest river that flows into the eastern Adriatic is the Neretva, and other Croatian rivers that empty into the Adriatic are the Mirna and Raša in Istria, and the Zrmanja, Krka and Cetina in Dalmatia.

Bol beach on the island Brac

Croatian coast – relief and nature
Croatian coast is large part of the eastern shore of Adriatic Sea. It cosist of the coastal part of Istrian Penisnula (Istra), Kvarner Gulf and Dalmatia (Dalmacija). Dalmatian coast spreads between the island of Rab in the northwest and Privlaka on the Croatian border with Montenegro, in the southeast. The main places along Croatian Coast are : Pula, Rijeka, Zadar,Sibenik , Split and Dubrovnik.

Only the angels know what it looks like in heaven… and all those who have seen Istria at least once!
 

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The Croatian Coast, which is generally bold and rocky and well known for its crystal clear sea water, consists of hundreds of islands, 66 of which are inhabited. The most popular islands along the coast are: Brijuni, Krk , Cres, Losinj, Rab, Pag, Dugi Otok, Kornati, Brac, Hvar, Korcula, Mljet… The island of Cres is the largest island along the coast, slightly larger than nearby Krk.

Old Rovinj town in Istria

National park Kornati

Attractive Croatian coast
The Croatian coast is not attractive just because of its indentation, but also because of the uniqueness of the relief: the steep, carstic mountain ranges of Učka, Velebit, Dinara, Svilaja, Kozjak, Mosor and Biokovo rise above the green of the coast like a magnificent façade. Velebit, the highest and largest of them, spreads for 120 kilometres along the sea. That fantastic mountain, “the pride of the Croatian people,” causes both awe, because of its cruelty, and excitement, because of the diversity of natural beauty.

Cavtat near Dubrovnik

Cavtat near Dubrovnik

Islands of Croatia
Croatiahas more than thousand islands. All of them are dotted along Croatian coast of Adriatic Sea. Some of the islands are larger and inhabited, other are smaller and deserted. Croatian Islands are popular visitor’s destination and they are very well connected by various ferries – ideal for island hopping holiday.  At bellow map of Croatian Islands, we pointed to most popular Croatian Islands – please click on appropriate name on the map of Islands of Croatia to find out more info about particular island.

Island of Hvar

Beaches of Croatia
For many people a summer vacation means one thing – the beach. If you are determined beach-hunters, you’ve come to the right place. Croatia‘s main tourist attraction has always been its beaches. The Adriatic coast and islands are lined with amazing beaches, abounding in natural harbors, with its countless bays, ports and marinas.

Makarska Riviera – Brela beach

Croatia offers 1.778 kilometers (1.103 miles) of seaside and should you run out of the mainland, there are still over 1.000 islands to choose from (66 inhabited) with additional 4.012 kilometers (2.487 miles) of seaside. The beaches along Croatian coast are mostly pebble and rocky, while some of them are sandy. Croatian rivers joining the Adriatic sea from Croatian coast include Zrmanja, Krka, Cetina and Neretva.

Croatia-Beaches.com reveals best Croatian beaches in several categories. Hopefully you’ll find this site interesting and useful, and if you wonder how were this best lists made, read more in about the site.

Croatia – paradise

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Croatia‘s credentials as a sun-lover’s paradise are beyond question – indeed, this 2000km stretch of beaches, harbours and islands has been eastern Europe’s summer playground since the end of World War II. Yet one key advantage of this beautiful stretch of coastline is its sheer variety; if you do become tired of speculating whether the water is more turquoise or azure or if, God forbid, the weather should turn bad, there is plenty to see and do beyond the confines of your sun lounger.

Porec Istria

At any time of year you can take in the sights at any one of the numerous walled cities that stretch down this part of the Adriatic, not least of all the famed Dubrovnik in the country’s south, whose impressive fortifications helped the residents to survive attacks from raiders and enabled the trading outpost to become a powerful city-state back in the days when Venice was the economic capital of the world.

There are numerous ways to explore the Dalmatian coast, with its coastal towns and more than 1000 islands. Ferry and bus services operate frequently during the tourist season (May-September) and you’ll save if you buy a return ticket. Arrive at one of the island towns by ferry and you’re likely to find yourself immediately facing a throng of locals all eagerly offering to rent you an apartment.

The coastal road is breathtaking, particularly throughout the windy four-hour stretch between Split and Dubrovnik. Hewn into the side of vast mountains that overhang the Adriatic, the road’s hairpin turns and sheer cliff face offers dramatic views of the coastline’s startling ranges. The sheer size of the peaks – Croatia’s highest, Sveti Jure (1762m), is on the coastal road south of Split and opposite the island of Brac – dwarfs the quaint towns at their feet. If even the thought of taking this busy single carriageway is a little daunting, you might prefer the increasingly popular option of exploring the islands by sailboat. If you lease a boat and captain with a group it can be an affordable and idyllic way to travel, with your accommodation guaranteed.

On our visit, we hired a car in Split and mixed trips down along the coast with ferry rides out to the islands. First stop was Split, Croatia’s second city and a rapidly growing centre on the coast. Here we visited the palace of the original resort-lover, Roman Emperor Diocletian, who built himself a magnificent retirement home by the water in 295AD. We also took time to enjoy the al fresco culture at the ‘riva’ (harbourside promenade) which, with its numerous bars and cafés, has become the busy centre of social life.

Like many Mediterranean towns, tourism has become the sole reason for the existence of much of the Dalmatian coast. The sheer scale of tourism in these parts means the locals can seem brash when you first meet them, but any chance you have to go beyond a basic transaction and it’s soon obvious they are a warm, friendly people. The close connections these parts have with Australia and New Zealand means that if you’re from those countries, everyone you meet will soon be telling you about their daughter or nephew who’s now living Down Under.

Pula Istria

Split – Middle Dalmacia

From Split we take a ferry to the nearby island of Brac, which is renowned for its beaches and coastline activities. On the ferry we discover a pair of American women with more serious intentions that sunbathing. They’re keen to get their hands on a piece of the island’s famous marble, which was used to build Diocletian’s Palace and, more recently, the White House in Washington. We want some of the marble so we can put a curse on George W Bush,” one explains.

If you’re hoping to catch Goran Ivanisevic on holiday, or want to be seen, Zlatini Rat (Golden Cape), a remarkable shingle beach that juts straight out from the shoreline near the town of Bol, is the beach to be at. But if you prefer a little privacy, you can always head off for a hidden cove. The Dalmatian coast is dotted with villages, which were barely small fishing outposts 50 years ago, but have grown rapidly since. Large concrete block hotels on the mainland are reminders of communism, but the rivas are also packed with Italian-style restaurants and cafés. These towns experience two very distinct times of the year, the hot and sunny tourist season and the wet off-season when you’ll have no trouble finding a seat near the water.

No trip to the Croatian coast is complete without a day in Dubrovnik, the marvelous walled city at the southern tip of the country. The immense popularity of the old fortress means you’re likely to find cruise liners anchored off the coast and accompanying package tourists at almost any time of year. You’ll never entirely escape the hordes, but climb up onto the city walls and the crowds seem to melt away. The thick fortifications with their distinctive chesspiece-shaped fortresses on the corners show just how important architecture was to the cosmopolitan city-state, even in the midst of external threats. Within the walls are a series of church spires and a layer of identical red-tile roofs, unchanged in style over hundreds of years. The newer tiles are a subtle reminder of the damage sustained on the city during the 1991-92 siege of Dubrovnik.

National park Kornati

Beach near Pula – Istria

On our final night we take the ferry out to Hvar, and as dusk falls the elegant medieval town has a delightful vibrancy. The gentle light reveals every worn line of the limestone houses and cobblestone streets, like the friendly face of your favorite grandmother. Fishing boats sidle in the harbor while the gentle mix of cafés, restaurants and bars around the town square begin to fill. We strike up a conversation with the locals sitting at the next table, who insist we share some of their large plate of fish. “London, how can you live there?” one asks. “Such a big city, so crowded, so many people?” Sitting in what seems like the most romantic place on earth, I struggle to find a decent answer.”

Read more here

Krk Bridge 
Krk Bridge (Croatian: Krčki most) is a 1430 m long reinforced concrete arch bridge connecting the Croatian island of Krk to the mainland and carrying over a million vehicles per year. The longer of the bridge’s two arches is the second longest concrete arch in the world and among the longest arches of any construction. The bridge was completed and opened in 1980.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krk_bridge

Have a good and healthy season.

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One comment to “The Croatian Coast”

  1. Comment by Helena:

    Looking forward to our trip to the Croatian coast this summer!!

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